August 18, 2020
Why it’s dangerous?
One of the main risks identified by the European Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC is flammability. If a toy catches fire, the risk is high that children may be injured and burned. There are specific categories of toys that, for the intended use, have been identified as posing a greater hazard. An example of these toys includes:
- Toys to be worn on the face or head (beards, mustaches, wigs, masks, hoods, and head-dresses)
- Toy costumes and toys intended to be worn by a child in play
- Toys intended to be entered by a child
- Soft toys
The specific risk identified for the toy categories mentioned above is that the child will have difficulty running far from the source of flame. This could be due to the child being inside the toy, wearing the toy or cuddling the toy and not willing to leave it in danger.
EN 71–2 specifies requirements applicable to toys to reduce the possibility that a child could get burned. This standard includes requirements applicable to all toys, as well as requirements applicable to the highest risk categories. For example, textile toys have several different requirements depending on whether they are intended to be worn entered or cuddled. The scope is to assess the rate that they burn when exposed to fire. It is important to highlight that the standard is not intended to prevent materials from burning, but rather to have a burn rate slow enough to allow children to escape, remove the toy or drop it in case the toy catches fire.
Suggested testing package
EN 71–2, Safety of toys — Part 2: Flammability, is the standard designed to assess the flammability of toys.
To know more download SAFETY OF TOYS — Key learnings from 2019 EU recalls
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