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  • Feature Story

EU and SCHER Open Public Consultation to Revise Chromium VI Limits in Toys

August 27, 2014

On August 1, 2014 the European Commission (EC) and the Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) launched a public consultation on the preliminary opinion to consider whether a revision of the migration limits for chromium VI in toys or toy components is necessary due to new available evidence, in particular with regard to the potential carcinogenic effects of chromium VI.

Current European Union (EU) migration limits set in 2008 were derived on the basis of a highly uncertain daily virtual safe dose of 0.0053 μg/kg bw and the absence of data for cancer potency after oral uptake (Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC (TSD)). However, based on recent studies the virtual safe dose for an additional cancer case of 1 in 106 has been reduced to 0.0002 μg/kg bw/d.

Written comments on the preliminary opinion must be submitted by September 28, 2014.

Why It Matters
The SCHER evaluated recent data on the cancer potency of chromium VI after oral administration and the occurrence of oral and gastrointestinal cancer in animals after oral uptake of chromium VI was shown. Due to the mode of action, there is evidence that carcinogenic effects observed in experimental animals are also of relevance for humans.

Current migration limits for chromium VI are allocated to 5% of the virtual safe dose according to the TSD. The SCHER proposed new migration limits:


Chromium VI

Virtual Safe Dose µg/kg bw/d

Migration Limit Value (mg/kg toy material)


Category 1

Dry, powder like or pliable toy materials

Category 2

Liquid or sticky toy material


Category 3

Scraped-off toy materials


Current Toy Safety Directive Limits





SCHER Preliminary Report Limits





How UL Can Help
UL has the capability to perform chromium VI testing across a wide range of consumer products to help ensure regulatory compliance with Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC requirements.