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EC Proposes Restrictions on TCEP, TCPP and TDCP in Toys

July 26, 2013

The European Commission (EC) has notified the World Trade Organization (WTO) of a draft Commission Directive to amend the Appendix C of Annex II to Safety of Toys Directive, 2009/48/EC.

The draft Directive would introduce specific limit values for tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate (TCEP), tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) phosphate (TCPP), and tris[2-chloro-1-(chloromethyl)ethyl] phosphate (TDCP) in toys, in order to ensure alignment with the latest scientific evidence from the Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER), and increase children's safety.

The draft Directive would amend Appendix C of Annex II of the Safety of Toys Directive, to establish content limit values of 5 mg/kg (ppm) for each of TCEP, TCPP, and TDCP in toys.

The draft Directive is open for comments for 60 days and will enter into force 18 months after adoption if enacted.


Why It Matters
TCEP is a phosphate ester used as a flame-retardant plasticizer in polymers and is classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction (CMR)and may be contained in toys as well as other consumer articles.

TCEP was comprehensively evaluated in 2009 under Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 of 23 March 1993 on the evaluation and control of the risks of existing substances3. The risk assessment report, entitled "European Union Risk assessment on TCEP", shows that TCEP easily migrates, and, when ingested, results in toxicity in the kidney, liver and brain, causing health damages and potentially cancer.

How UL Can Help
UL consumer products group's accredited laboratories can assist with chemical testing and certification requirements under the EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC.

To learn how UL's chemical management services for the toy industry can help your company, click Contact UL at the top of the page and a UL representative will follow up with you soon.