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EV Battery Testing for Compliance with Regulatory Requirements and Standards

Demonstrate compliance with UN/DOT 38.3, Automotive OEM standards and global market access requirements.

A battery in an electric vehicle

As environmental concerns, government incentives, and the improved product availability and cost-competitiveness drive the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), the widespread electrification of the mobility industry hinges on the safety, reliability and performance of the EV battery.  

To access global target markets, EV battery manufacturers and suppliers must test their products against applicable regulations and standards, as well as original equipment manufacturer (OEM) specifications and requirements. If their EV batteries and components don’t meet compliance requirements, manufacturers could face costly product recalls, launch delays and damage to their brand’s reputation.

At UL Solutions, we understand the critical importance of EV battery safety to the future of the mobility industry. We leverage our end-to-end services to support EV and EV battery manufacturers and suppliers throughout the entire product life cycle, from development to reuse.

We can test your EV battery cells, modules and packs against all applicable regulatory and standard requirements and offer customized services to meet your particular needs.

EV battery regulatory compliance testing 

UL Solutions offers services to test and certify EV battery cells, modules and packs for compliance with standards and requirements established across many regions, including North America, Europe and Asia. We recognize that navigating certification requirements for your diverse target markets can be challenging. We offer robust testing services to regulations and standards, including UN/DOT 38.3, UNECE R100 and R136, and those listed in the table below.

  Standard no. Standard name
North America UL 2580 Standard for Batteries for Use in Electric Vehicles
  SAE J2929 Safety Standard for Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Propulsion Battery Systems Utilizing Lithium-based Rechargeable Cells
  SAE J1798 Performance Rating of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules
  SAE J2380 Vibration Testing of Electric Vehicle Batteries
  FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
  CMVSS Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
United Nations UNECE R100 and R136 Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles about specific requirements for the electric power train
China GB 38031 Safety requirements for EV cells and systems for on-road applications
Korea KMVSS Korean motor vehicle safety standards
Germany LV 124 German automotive manufacturer testing standards
International ISO 6469-1 Electrically Propelled Road Vehicles — Safety Specifications — Part 1: Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS)
  IEC 62660-3 Secondary Lithium-ion Cells for the Propulsion of Electric Road Vehicles — Part 3: Safety Requirements
  IEC 63057 Secondary Cells and Batteries Containing Alkaline or Other Non-acid Electrolytes — Safety Requirements for Secondary Lithium Batteries for Use in Road Vehicles Not for the Propulsion

UN/DOT 38.3 — United Nations (UN) Manual of Tests and Criteria, Lithium Metal, Lithium Ion and Sodium Ion Batteries

Products containing lithium, a class 9 hazardous material, introduce risks of explosion and fire and resulting injury or loss of life if designed, handled or transported improperly. UN 38.3 establishes rigorous lithium-ion (Li-ion) and sodium-ion battery testing methods and criteria to help enhance safety during transport. This global standard applies to batteries (either on their own or installed in a device) at all points in the transportation process.

With our comprehensive testing services for UN/DOT 38.3 compliance, we evaluate whether lithium-ion batteries meet all requirements for transport by air, road, sea or rail. Our UN/DOT 38.3 testing includes all required testing, including:

  • Altitude simulation
  • Thermal testing
  • Vibration testing
  • Shock testing
  • External short-circuit testing
  • Impact testing
  • Overcharge testing
  • Forced discharge testing
  • Safety valve testing
  • Low-pressure testing
  • High-temperature testing

UNECE R100 and R136 — Rechargeable Energy Storage System (REESS)

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) R100 and R136 are international requirements for the approval of electric road vehicles that have been formally adopted in Europe and several countries in other regions. R100 applies to four-wheel vehicles (Category M/N), whereas R136 applies to two-wheel vehicles (Category L). Testing to these requirements includes electrical safety, thermal shock, vibration, mechanical impact and fire resistance testing, as well as external short-circuit, over-charge, over-discharge and over-temperature protection.

EV battery cell, module and pack testing to automotive OEM standards 

Automotive OEMs develop requirements for EV battery safety, durability, reliability, performance and other metrics. UL Solutions offers testing to a wide range of OEM requirements, including the following:

Governing entity Standard no.
Volkswagen VW 80000
General Motors Worldwide GMW 16390, GMW 3172
Stellantis CS.00056
Ford SDS, TSC3000G
German Automotive Manufacturers LV 124

Advantages of choosing UL Solutions for EV battery pack, module and cell testing and certification

Independent third-party testing partner with global presence

Our facilities are located near major vehicle manufacturing epicenters in the U.S. (Detroit, Michigan), Germany, China, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea to offer dedicated third-party support close to your business.

Expanding network of laboratories

At our network of advanced testing laboratories near the world’s major EV manufacturing hubs, UL Solutions leverages cutting-edge equipment, technology and methodologies to offer robust EV battery testing services that can help you demonstrate compliance to regulatory requirements and OEM specifications.

Proven commitment to safety science and sustainability

The energy transformation has spurred EV manufacturers and suppliers to seek a knowledgeable and trusted third party to test for compliance with safety and compliance requirements. Our continued investment in our network of EV battery services, capabilities and laboratories demonstrates our commitment to operating at the forefront of the industry. We apply our safety science expertise to support innovation and speed to market during this transformative era.

Longstanding experience in fire and electrical safety, battery and energy storage

With more than a hundred years of expertise in fire and electrical safety and over 30 years of experience in battery and energy storage system safety, we have a deep heritage of helping innovators in these spaces demonstrate and communicate the safety, reliability and performance of their products.

Benefits of working with a single-source provider for EV battery testing and certification

UL Solutions offers comprehensive testing services at the battery cell, module, pack and unit levels to validate safety, reliability, performance and other key characteristics that help differentiate your products. We support EV and EV battery manufacturers and suppliers across the entire product life cycle, from development to reuse. When manufacturers and suppliers choose UL Solutions as their trusted partner for EV battery services, they enjoy consistent service and clear communication from the same dedicated team throughout the entire project.


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