Chemical management solutions for Electrical and Electronic products
Understanding and complying with RoHS
The Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) is a set of regulations that controls the use of hazardous substances such as lead, mercury and cadmium in electrical and electronic equipment. The goal of RoHS is to reduce potential environmental and health risks caused by the use of hazardous substances during the utilization, collection, treatment and disposal of increasing amounts of electrical and electronic waste.
UL Solutions global RoHS compliance services
UL Solutions can help you increase consumer confidence that your electrical and electronic products comply with applicable restricted substances requirements requested by the RoHS legislation within your target markets. We can support your product journey in Asia, Europe, North and South America, and the Middle East with our technical expertise, wide portfolio of testing, advisory services and data management tools.
Our RoHS compliance solutions and services include:
- RoHS testing of products and materials.
- RoHS-specific market requirements and certifications.
- Chemical data management software that screens material disclosures against RoHS legislations.
- Data collection software to gather and manage data on the materials being used in your product development and manufacturing.
- Advisory services and training.
Work with UL Solutions to bring your RoHS compliant products to the global marketplace
We can help you understand and evaluate RoHS requirements in your target markets.
- The European Union
The EU RoHS Directive 2011/65/EU restricts the use of certain harmful substances in electrical and electronic equipment such as:
- Large and small household appliances.
- IT and telecommunications equipment.
- Consumer equipment.
- Lighting equipment.
- Electrical and electronic tools.
- Toys, leisure and sports equipment.
- Medical devices.
- Monitoring and control instruments, including industrial monitoring and control instruments.
- Automatic dispensers.
- Other electrical and electronic equipment not covered by any of the categories above.
The hazardous substances restricted by the EU RoHS are:
- Hexavalent chromium
- Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)
- Phthalates: DEHP – BBP – DBP – DIBP added with the amendment 2015/863
These substances can be evaluated using specific test methods that have been developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and that are part of the IEC 62321 – Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products series of standards.
The EU RoHS Directive also requires that before placing an electrical or electronic equipment (EEE) product into the European market, a manufacturer, importer or retailer must be sure that the appropriate conformity assessment procedure has been performed and is in line with the EN IEC 63000:2018 standard, which became mandatory in 2021.
In addition, the EU RoHS Directive requests manufacturers to draw up technical documentation. And, where compliance of EEE with the applicable requirements has been demonstrated, manufacturers must draw up an EU declaration of conformity and affix the CE marking on the finished product.
Non-compliance with EU RoHS Directive may result in notification via the Safety Gate, the EU rapid alert system for dangerous non-food products.
Our portfolio of chemical management services helps global manufacturers, importers and retailers of electrical and electronic products to evaluate compliance with the EU RoHS Directive.
- UAE RoHS for the United Arab Emirates access
In 2017, United Arab Emirates issued the UAE RoHS regulation that restricted the presence of similar hazardous substances as the one requested by EU RoHS for all electrical and electronic equipment.
In order to import these articles into United Arab Emirates, manufacturers and retailers must obtain a Certificate of Conformity under the RoHS Regulation, with two possible different Conformity Assessment processes:
- Emirates Conformity Assessment Scheme (ECAS).
- Emirates Quality Mark (EQM).
Our portfolio of services can help you evaluate compliance with the UAE RoHS. We are also offering support for technical file documentation, product certification and trainings.
In addition, Underwriters Laboratories Middle East FZ-LLC is an approved Conformity Assessment Body for UAE and can provide both ECAS and EQM certificates.
We also perform testing through our ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratories.
- Saudi Arabia SASO RoHS services and solutions
On July 9, 2021, the Saudi Standards, Metrology and Quality Organization (SASO) published the Technical Regulations for Limiting Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Appliances and Equipment with an effective implementation date six months after publication, on Jan. 5, 2022.
However, SASO communicated the postponement of the implementation on Dec. 16, 2021.
SASO Board approved the gradual implementation of the regulation by category.
The new enforcement dates are:
n. Category name Enforcement date 1-A Small household appliances July 4, 2022 1.B Large household appliances Oct. 2, 2022 2 Telecommunication and information technology equipment Dec. 31, 2022 3 Lighting equipment March 31, 2023 4 Electrical and electronic equipment and tools June 29, 2023 5 Toys and entertainment tools and appliances and sports equipment Sept. 27, 2023 6 Tools for monitoring and control Dec. 26, 2023
This regulation aims to determine the maximum contents of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment and their spare parts and determine the conformity assessment procedures that suppliers must comply with to help address the preservation of the environment and the consumer's health and safety.
This regulation's scope applies to all electrical and electronic devices, equipment and their spare parts for the following categories:
- Large and small home appliances.
- Information and communication technology equipment.
- Lighting equipment.
- Electrical and electronic tools and equipment.
- Games, entertainment devices and sports equipment.
- Monitoring and control tools.
Restricted substances and maximum concentration values tolerated by weight in homogeneous material:
Hazardous substances categories Maximum concentration values allowed Lead 0.1% Mercury 0.1% Cadmium 0.01% Hexavalent chromium 0.1% Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) 0.1% Polybrominated biphenyls ethers (PBDE) 0.1%
SASO RoHS Conformity assessment procedure
All products in scope of the new regulation will require a certificate of conformity according to the certification module TYPE A1 of the ISO/IEC 17067. The evaluation must be done by one of the Notified Bodies approved by SASO. RoHS technical evaluation will be required to obtain the Product Certification of Conformity (PcoC) under the main regulation. In order to obtain the final CoC and be ready to access the market, the manufacturers need to comply with all the applicable regulations on their products, not only RoHS but also safety, EE and other.
Suppliers will need to apply for RoHS PcoC through the SABER platform. RoHS Technical Documentation and Certification will be required as a preliminary step to obtain the Product CoC under the main product regulation.
UL Solutions has multiple Conformity Assessment Bodies for SASO RoHS (UL LLC, UL International Italia S.r.l, UL-CCIC Company Limited, Underwriters Laboratories Middle East FZ-LLC) and can provide PcoC certifications. Additionally, UL Solutions has global laboratories that can perform RoHS testing through its accredited laboratories.
- United States: Various States and California RoHS
The following states have regulations that follow the European Union’s RoHS Directive model: California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington.
Many of these states prohibit the sale of electronic devices that are approved for sale in the European Union based on the RoHS directive. This means that if one or more of the heavy metals exceeds a specific total concentration, it cannot be sold in that state.
An example of the California RoHS regulation follows.
The California Electronic Waste Recycling Act (SB20 and its Amendment SB50), issued in 2003, stipulates the requirements for restricted substances (lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium) in video display devices, regulating nine categories of specific electronic equipment with the screen diagonal length greater than four inches, including manufacturer-refurbished products for retail:
- Cathode ray tubes (CRTs).
- Cathode ray tube containing devices (CRT devices).
- Computer monitors containing CRTs.
- Laptop computers with liquid crystal display (LCD).
- Desktop monitors containing LCDs.
- Televisions containing CRTs.
- Televisions containing LCD screens.
- Plasma televisions.
- Portable DVD players with LCD screens.