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Personal e-Mobility Evaluation, Testing and Certification

UL Solutions offers evaluation, testing and certification services for personal e-mobility devices such as e-scooters and e-bikes to help ensure your product meets all essential safety requirements.

A child riding a scooter

E-mobility safety evaluations

We can help you demonstrate that your personal e-mobility devices meet safety requirements by testing and evaluating the electrical drive train system, battery system and charger system combinations. We also provide you with electrical and fire safety certification. With the expanding global popularity of these e-transportation devices, helping ensure their safe operation is a vital step in protecting consumers and your brand. 

Evaluate, test and certify to ANSI/CAN/UL 2272, the Standard for Electrical Systems in Personal E-Mobility Devices

This standard covers:

  • An extended list of products for personal e-mobility, including e-skateboards and all pathway e-scooters. (These are single-rider, nonroadworthy, typically stand-when-operating devices.)
  • UL 2272 is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Standards Council of Canada (SCC) accredited national Standard in the U.S. and Canada. Evaluating and certifying to this single, binational UL Standard simplifies your certification process.

The Standard does not evaluate for the operator’s ability to maintain control while riding.

U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Micromobility Safety Guidance

On December 20, 2022, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission’s (CPSC) has called on manufacturers, retailers, importers, and distributors of micromobility devices to comply with established UL safety standards. This includes products covered by UL 2272 and UL 2849, which address electrical systems in personal e-mobility devices (such as hoverboards) and eBikes, respectively. Click here to access the release from CPSC.

New York City Council’s law on micromobility devices and batteries

In a move to strengthen fire safety of e-bikes, e-scooters, and the lithium-ion batteries that power such devices, on March 2, 2023, the New York City Council passed Initiative 663-A, mandating e-bikes, e-scooters, e-mobility devices, and light electric vehicle (EV) battery packs to be third-party certified. On March 20, 2023, New York City Mayor Eric Adams signed this into law. With this new law, any company selling, leasing or distributing micromobility devices, such as e-bikes or e-scooters, has until September 16, 2023, to obtain certification from UL Solutions or another National Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL) to:

  • UL 2849, the Standard for Electrical Systems for e-Bikes, for the electrical system of any powered bicycle sold, distributed, leased, or rented in New York City.
  • UL 2272, the Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices, for all powered mobility devices, including e-scooters, sold, distributed, leased, or rented in New York City.
  • UL 2271, the Standard for Batteries for Use in Light Electric Vehicle Applications, of any storage battery for a powered bicycle or mobility device sold, distributed, leased or rented in New York City.

Learn more about the details of the law.

A local law takes effect in September, which will require all of these [micromobility] devices that are sold within the city to be certified by UL Solutions or National Recognized Testing Laboratory.

  • FDNY Fire Chief Daniel E. Flynn
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission Forum on Lithium-ion Battery Safety 07/27/2023

Singapore Land Transit Authority (LTA) and UL 2272

Outside the U.S. as well, there has been a call from government regulators to comply with UL 2272. On Sept. 10, 2018, the Singapore Land Transit Authority (LTA) announced, “For public safety, we intend to require all motorized PMDs [personal mobility devices] intended for use on public paths to conform to the UL 2272 Standard. We intend to prohibit retailers from selling motorized PMDs which are not UL 2272 compliant from July 2019 onwards.”

Singapore’s consumer safety website reads, “There has been a sharp increase in the number of fires caused by motorized PMDs over the past few years. To minimize fire incidents and improve public safety, LTA is adopting the UL 2272 Standard for fire and electrical safety for all PMDs from 1 January 2021. Non-UL 2272 certified e-scooters purchased after 30 June 2019 cannot be registered or transferred. Non-UL2272 certified e-scooters purchased on or before 30 June 2019 may be registered and used on public paths until 31 Dec 2020, after which they will be automatically deregistered and may no longer be used on public paths.”

As e-scooters are increasingly popularized through ride-sharing service companies, it is important to verify UL Certification on equipment, whether you are a consumer choosing to ride or a ride-share provider.

Supporting European safety standards for e-bikes and other e-mobility devices

We support the following standards for e-bikes within the European market:

  • EN 15194
  • EN 50604-1 for light ev batteries and/or EN 62133-2 for portable or auxiliary system batteries
  • 2014/30/EU for EMC
  • 2011/65/EU/ for RoHS
  • 2014/53/EU (RED) – If radio technologies are used in the device
  • Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC for Product Safety
  • ISO 4210-10 (in development) for e-bikes could become an EN standard in a few years

We support the following standards for e-scooters and other e-mobility devices within the European market:

  • EN 60335-1 is a generic standard commonly used for hoverboards. This standard does not cover the safety of electrical system utilizing battery packs in the same manner of how UL 2272 covers this subject. Also, IEC 60335-2-114 is not accepted as EN standard.
  • EN 50604-1 for light ev batteries and/or EN 62133-2 for portable or auxiliary system batteries
  • 2014/30/EU for EMC
  • 2011/65/EU/ for RoHS
  • 2014/53/EU (RED) – If radio technologies are used in the device
  • Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC for Product Safety
  • EN 17128 (in development) and EN 60335-1 are often used for electric scooters however these are not covering necessary safety aspects for full electrical systems utilizing battery packs. In the interim, UL standards can be used

Why UL Solutions for personal e-mobility testing and certification

UL Solutions is recognized by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) as a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL) to certify micromobility products to UL 2272, the Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices.

Our expert engineers apply their decades of experience to the testing and evaluating of the electrical drive train system, battery system and charger system combinations, providing you with electrical and fire safety certification. With the expanding global popularity of these e-transportation devices, our global reach and local acumen will help you gain access to markets around the world.

UL certification is a valuable marketing tool that tells your customers that your product, process, service or company has successfully met stringent requirements. Communicating this achievement can help you win in the market by strengthening your product’s presence and differentiating it from competitors.

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