Brexit’s new rules and market access implications
Staying abreast of market entry requirements is more important – and challenging - than ever to maintain market access in the U.K. and EU. The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement requires significant changes in product conformity assessments and product marking. Leverage UL Solutions’ global regulatory expertise to help maintain continued market access.
The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement - key regulatory changes
Following the United Kingdom’s (U.K.) departure from the European Union (EU) on Jan. 31, 2020, the EU and U.K. jointly agreed on a transition period that ended on Dec. 31, 2020. During the transition, the U.K. maintained status-quo for businesses and consumers, which means that the EU still recognized U.K. Notified Bodies, and manufacturers could sell CE marked products into the U.K. market until Dec. 31, 2020.
On Dec. 24, 2020, the United Kingdom and the European Union have agreed to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement. The U.K.-EU trade Agreement contains new rules for living, working and trading together and entered into force on Dec. 31, 2020.
The full Agreement is 1,246 pages and is available here.
The deal secures tariff-free access between EU and U.K. markets but does not change the compliance process, so the UK Conformity Assessed (UKCA) marking and conformity to the U.K. legislations remain mandatory for placing goods on the market in Great Britain. The new rules have been in application from 11 p.m. Dec. 31, 2020.
Recognizing the impact of the pandemic on businesses, on August 24, 2021, the Government has announced the extension of the deadline to 1 January 2023 to apply UKCA marks for certain products to demonstrate compliance with product safety regulations, superseding the previously announced deadline of 1 January 2022. The CE marked goods in the scope of this document that meet EU requirements can continue to be placed on the GB market until 1 January 2023 where EU and U.K. requirements remain the same. This includes goods that have been assessed by an EU recognized notified body.
The UKCA mark must be used for placing goods on the GB market from 1 January 2023.
On June 20, 2022, the Government of United Kingdom announced changes that will make it simpler for businesses to apply new product conformity markings for most products placed on the market in England, Scotland and Wales.
The new measures
Reducing re-testing costs
Any conformity assessment activities undertaken by EU bodies before the end of 2022 will be considered as the basis for UKCA marking next year. The legislation on this will be set out before the end of the year and will enable manufacturers to apply the UKCA mark on these products without the need for re-testing.
Removing the need to re-test existing imported stock
This will allow products that have the CE marking manufactured and imported into the UK by the end of 2022 to be sold, without the need to meet UKCA requirements. This will remove the current need for retesting and recertification for products that are imported while the UK recognized CE requirements.
Continuing to accept spare parts onto the GB market
The UK will continue to accept spares onto the GB market which comply with the same requirements that were in place at the time the original products or systems they were being used to repair, replace or maintain were placed on the market. This will help to address concerns about the availability of spare parts and ensure businesses and organizations avoid disruption to their operations.
Extending labelling measures
To make it cheaper and logistically easier for businesses to continue to supply goods to Great Britain, legislation will be set out to extend current labelling easements to allow important information and other UKCA markings to be added to products using a sticky label or an accompanying document.
Recognizing historic testing on some construction products
Manufacturers of construction products under AVCP system 3 – such as radiators, sealants and tile adhesives – whose products are tested by an EU notified body before 1 January 2023 will be able to obtain a UKCA mark without having to retest through a UK-approved body.
The UKCA marking
The new UKCA marking declares that the product conforms to all applicable U.K. legislative requirements and that appropriate conformity assessment procedures have been successfully completed. Beginning Jan. 1, 2021, the UKCA marking will replace the CE marking as a requirement for goods entering the Great Britain market, including England, Scotland and Wales. The UKCA marking will be required on products subject to the U.K. equivalent legislation to all of the EU directives/regulations that required CE marking, including the Radio Equipment, EMC and Low Voltage directives. Additionally, all U.K.-based EU Notified Bodies will also lose their status on Jan. 1, 2021. All EU Certificates issued by those bodies must be transferred to an EU 27 Notified Body by Dec. 31, 2020 to ensure continued validity.
UKCA marking implementation and transition
In August 2021, the U.K. Government extended the implementation period for the UKCA marking. The UKCA marking will apply to most goods currently subject to the CE marking (products covered by the following directives/regulations, e.g., LVD, EMCD, GAR, Machinery, ATEX, RoHS and RED).
The UKCA marking can be used from January 2021. However, to allow businesses time to comply with the new requirements, CE marking can still be used until Jan. 1, 2023, provided that the requirements for the EU and U.K. legislation will continue to be the same.
Starting Jan. 1, 2023, the U.K. government will no longer recognize the CE marking for Great Britain market access. Products bearing both the CE marking and UKCA marking will be acceptable as long as they comply with the relevant U.K. rules. The UKCA marking will need to be used immediately after Jan. 1, 2021, if the product is only marketed in Great Britain and is covered by legislation that requires the UKCA marking and mandatory third-party intervention of a UKCA Approved Body.
For Northern Ireland, the CE marking will continue to be the conformity assessment marking for most goods. Manufacturers may also need the UKNI marking if selecting U.K. Approved Bodies for approvals or certification. Harmonized goods carrying only the UKCA marking will not be allowed in the Northern Ireland market.
How UL Solutions can help you achieve business continuity in the U.K and EU
UL Solutions is prepared to support changes to product marking schemes for the U.K. and mainland Europe immediately.
We have established the following accredited Notified and Approved Bodies in the EU and U.K., allowing uninterrupted support for customers needing the UKCA mark and other global market access services.
UL EU Notified Body Services Capability
- Construction Products Regulation
- Marine Equipment Directive
- Personal Protective Equipment Regulation
- Machinery Directive
- EMC Directive
- Radio Equipment Directive
- ATEX Directive
- Measurement Instrument Directive
- Gas Appliance Regulation
- Pressure Equipment Directive
- Hot-Water Boilers Directive
- Toys Directive
UL U.K. Approved Body
- Construction Products Regulation*
- Marine Equipment Regulation
- Personal Protective Equipment Regulation
- Machinery Regulation
- Medical Devices Regulations 2002**
- EMC Regulations
- Radio Equipment Regulation
- ATEX Regulation
- Gas Appliance Regulation
- Pressure Equipment (Safety) Regulation 2016
* Approved Body for System 1+ and System 3 will be received in Q3/Q4 2021 for wire and cable (Product Area 31 – Power, control and communication cables).
** Limited scope currently, refer to MHRA website for details.
Our long-standing presence in and knowledge of the U.K. and EU markets helps you meet regulatory compliance as requirements change. Contact us for more information on how UL Solutions can ensure access of your products and services to Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the EU.