UL’s councils comprise differing members, depending on the nature and purpose of the council. Councils can include authorities, government agencies, consumer groups and thought leaders. Council members provide UL with substantial expertise in the development and maintenance of UL standards, installation and use of UL-certified products, and investigations of new and innovative products, as well as management systems, international business and other conformity assessment-related activities. UL councils currently serve in the areas of electrical, environmental and public health, fire, security systems, Follow-Up Services, consumer advisory, management system advisory, commercial insurance, and the environment.