Australia & New Zealand
The Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) announced the mandatory implementation of electromagnetic immunity regulations on January 22, 2011 in addition to the EMI regulation. Further attention to specific standards may be required, such as, if the device contains radio equipment.
The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) updated the booklets on telecommunications, radio communications, human exposure and EMC.8 There has been not much change in the EMC compliance and labelling booklet. However, the volume of the booklet was reduced by increasing the reference documents, e.g. reference of EMC Labeling Notice Schedule 2 for the exclusion equipment. A note has also been added that the C-Tick, A-Tick and RCM marks will all be integrated into the Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM) from July 2012. Consolidation of the marks is planned to take effect on July 1, 2012 and there will be a transition period until June 30, 2015. Products with the C-Tick compliance label affixed before the transition period can still continue to be sold.9
On January 20, 2012, with an aim to enable international harmonization, the New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development concluded that power for the short range devices for security systems, such as RFID and immobilizers, in the 9-190kHz band will be increased.10
The Korea Communications Commission (KCC) is planning to remove duplications in regulations on monitors, copying machines, printers, scanners and projectors, which are long standing problems.11 At present, regulations are product based; that is, one product is subject to multiple regulations. This results in regulatory duplications when different regulatory ministries and agencies are involved. In future, different aspects of the regulation, such as electric safety and EMC, will be separated and come under different regulating authorities. As such, the time for application for electric safety technology standard of information equipment and radio equipment as specified by the Radio Law will be lengthened by six months. In addition, based on a decision made on September 19, 2011, SAR testing will be required for all equipment used at less than 20 cm from the human body, on top of the present requirements for mobile terminals used next to the head.12 Enforcement will take effect in January 2013. It should also be noted that according to Radio Research Agency (RRA) Notice No. 2011-18, additional EMC tests are required for telecommunication ports and for over 1 GHz have been enforced from January 1, 2012.13
The Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection (BSMI) revised the inspection standards of TV sets and set top boxes. New inspection standards such as CNS 14336-1 (2010) were adopted and became effective on January 1, 2012.14 In addition, BSMI will regulate servers, routers, bridges, switches and hubs under mandatory commodity inspection as of July 1, 2012.15
In Hong Kong, a consultation paper on the proposed amendments to the Telecommunications (Control of Interference) Regulations (Cap. 106B) was released on November 17, 2011. Comments were invited on the proposed new classes of apparatus, the proposed approach of specifying the control limits, the proposed amendment to Regulation 10 and the proposed transitional arrangement.16
In Japan, to enable international harmonization, regulations were revised on September 27, 2011 to establish frequency expansion for 60GHz radio stations and to change the lower limit frequency from the current 59GHz to 57GHz.17 The 60GHz frequency expansion will make channel 1 available and mutual utilization of other countries' machinery will become possible. The application of high frequency has merits such as a higher transmission speed. On December 13, 2011, a decision was made to introduce an 80GHz-band high speed radio transmission system.18 Currently, a standard for the 23GHz band is also planned.19 On December 14, 2011, an official journal was published regarding an important revision to the diffusion of 3.9 generation mobile communications system.20 Long Term Evolution (LTE) data allotments will be shown and the shifts from the 950MHz to the 920MHz band in the specified low-power radio station will be implemented. The shift will be completed on July 25, 2012 and existing bandwidth for RFID and Multi-Channel Access (MCA) Radio System will cease to be used on March 31, 2018.
In view of the increasing number of equipment with multiple radio facilities, the Japan Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC), like the FCC, simplified on December 16, 2011 the type certification numbers for an equipment to only one number.21 Equipment which has already been shipped are exempted from the requirement of an additional certification number. This revision results in a change in the numbering rules of the certification number and there is a six months transition period since implementation. Initially only radio equipment specified in Article 38-2, paragraph 1, item 1 and item 2 of the Radio Law are affected. Please note that this change applies to only the type certification and not the test certification. In addition, permissible changes were defined and authorization for these changes is still required. However, a certification can be acquired with a former certification number. Permissible changes have been expanded to cover parts, new spurious limits, assignment of WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) frequency, addition of antenna, and changes of the manufacturer or product name for which a new certification number is required. Previously, there was no concept of permissible changes under the Japanese Radio Law and in the future, amendments to the defined permissible changes will be allowed according to changes in situation. In addition, a partial report concerning “measurement methods for the specific absorption rates of wireless devices, etc. in use close to the human body (excluding the temporal areas)” among “measurement methods for the specific absorption rates of mobile phone terminals, etc.” was submitted to the MIC.22 The test method is the same as the international standard IEC 62209-2. Other than mobile phone terminals, SAR measurement regulation will be enforced based on the partial report in future.
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism introduced a new standard for electric apparatuses chargeable in electric cars and plug-in hybrid cars.23 These standards will apply to new cars from August 1, 2016 and all on road vehicles from October 28, 2016.
In addition, the much discussed standard CISPR 32 was published on January 30, 2012.24 As the standard has gone through a substantial update, attention is warranted. Mexico has opened up the 71GHz-76GHz and 81GHz-86GHz bands and more and more countries are looking at the use of high frequency bands as a wider frequency band allows higher transmission speed.25 Despite technical difficulties encountered, further expansion is expected in future.
Remarks: The above information is updated as of January 2012. For latest updates, please visit the websites of the respective authorities.
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